|International Tea Day|
The arrival of tea in India is said to have found tea plants in 1824 on the border hills of Burma or Myanmar and Assam. The British started the production of tea in India in 1836.
Earlier seeds were sourced from China for cultivation but later Assam tea seeds started being used.
Today, International Tea Day is being celebrated. This day is dedicated to tea and tea lovers. International Tea Day is celebrated every year on 15 December.
To celebrate this day, the aim is to attract global attention to the tea trade around the world and the workers and producers in the tea gardens.
Started on 15 December 2005
In addition to China, India, Kenya, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka, the International Tea Day is celebrated in Malawi, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Uganda, Indonesia, and Malaysia, apart from the five major tea-producing countries of the world.
Significantly, in the year 2004, a meeting of trade associations and international organizations in Mumbai city of India decided to celebrate International Tea Day on 15 December. The International Tea Day was celebrated for the first time on 15 December 2005.
Tea was cultivated in China for the first time
Tea is one of the most used beverages worldwide. This is the reason why everyone has their different way of making tea. Some people like ginger and cardamom tea, some like less milk, and some like tea with more milk. Many people prefer black tea.
Tea is a drink made from the leaves of Camellia sinensis, a shrub for the Asian continent. It was cultivated in China for the first time, there is a story about it that once Emperor Shennong was sitting in his garden drinking hot water.
During this time, the leaf of a tree fell in the cup of boiling water, due to which the color of the water changed and the fragrance also started coming. When the emperor tasted this water, he liked the taste of it, and thus tea was invented.
When did tea arrive in India?
At the same time, tea is said to have arrived in India, in 1824 tea plants were found on the border hills of Burma or Myanmar and Assam.
The British started the production of tea in India in 1836. Earlier seeds were sourced from China for cultivation but later Assam tea seeds started being used.
Tea in India was originally produced to cater to the demand for tea in the UK markets. Today, tea is the most popular and cheapest beverage in India.
Health benefits of tea
Many health benefits have also been found in tea, this has also been confirmed in many studies done around the world.
Nutritionally, tea contains proteins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, minerals and trace elements, amino and organic acids, lignin, and methylxanthine (caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine).
The health benefits of tea come from phytochemicals which act as powerful antioxidants in our body.
Some antioxidants found in tea are:
Flavan-3-catechin and pictures are most abundant in green tea
Phenolic acid- Black tea contains a maximum amount of Gallic acid and Theoglin.
Flavonols and flavonas - Quercetin, Myricetin, Kempferol are found in white, green, oolong and black tea.
Thyrotropin is the most active compound in Pew-Areh tea.
Types of Tea and the Health Benefits
1-White Tea - White tea is pure and the least processed of all teas. White tea contains higher amounts of catechin and polyphenols than other teas, which means that it has strong anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress and have a positive effect on hyperlipidemia
2- Gin Tea- Green tea is most popular and well-liked in Asia. It is also considered very effective in weight control. Of all the teas, green tea is the best source of catechins and depicting.
Green tea is probably the most researched of all the teas as well and it is because of this that it has the highest health properties. It protects against cancer of the breast, colon, ovaries, throat, lungs, stomach, and prostate.
A study conducted on 40,000 Japanese for 11 years found that people who had at least 5 cups of green tea had a significantly lower risk of dying from cardiovascular diseases.
3- Yellow tea- The antioxidants present in yellow tea suggest skin health and give it a younger look. Apart from this, yellow tea is also very beneficial for health.
4- Black tea- Black tea leaf is produced by complete fermentation due to oxidation by natural enzymes.
There is increasing evidence that antioxidants present in black tea can reduce arterial blockage, especially in women, and may also be beneficial in reducing the risk of a heart attack.