There is no cure for Zika Virus spreading rapidly in Kerala, known causes, symptoms, and prevention
Zika Virus News in India: In many places including Kerala, Mumbai, and Delhi, there has been an alert regarding the Zika virus. Let us know the causes, symptoms, and methods of preventing the Zika virus from spreading in India?
Zika Virus outbreak in India: The cases of Zika virus have increased rapidly to 21 in Kerala. Due to this, along with Kerala, an alert has also been made in metros like Mumbai, Delhi.
The biggest concern is that there is no cure yet for the Zika virus spreading amid the corona epidemic. The only way to prevent Zika virus infection is to have prevention and correct information. Let us know what are the causes, symptoms, and prevention of the Zika virus spreading in India.
What is the Zika virus and how does it spread? (What are Zika Virus and its transmission) Zika
The virus is a mosquito-borne infection. This infection is spread by mosquitoes of the Aedes species. The Aedes species also mainly Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are responsible for the spread of the Zika virus.
This virus belongs to the Flavivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. Infections like dengue virus, chikungunya, yellow fever, West Nile virus, etc. also belong to this family.
When an uninfected Aedes mosquito bites a person infected with the Zika virus, he too becomes infected. After this, any healthy person he bites will also infect him. Usually, this mosquito bites only during the day and evening.
Signs and Symptoms of Zika Virus
According to the World Health Organization symptoms and signs of Zika virus disease begin to appear within 3 to 14 days of exposure to Zika virus. Which can be seen from 2 days to 7 days. According to the WHO, most cases of the Zika virus do not cause any symptoms. Following are the symptoms of the Zika Virus. As-
- Mild fever
- muscle and joint pain
- restlessness, etc.
- The case of the Zika virus is confirmed only based on these symptoms and signs and travel history. At the same time, older children and adults with Zika virus infection can also develop neurological problems such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Neuropathy, and Myelitis.
History of Zika Virus in India and World: According to the WHO, the first case of the Zika virus was seen in Ugandan monkeys in 1947, and in Uganda itself, in 1952 the first case was recorded inside humans. Went. After this, from 1960 to 1980, it also reached other countries of the world. The first outbreak of, the Zika virus was recorded in 2007 on the Island of Yap.
The Zika virus is believed to have entered Asia in the 1970s. Due to which some cases were registered in Pakistan and Indonesia. But the first official case of the Zika virus in India was seen in Gujarat in 2017, after which it also reached Tamil Nadu. At the same time, in 2018, a major outbreak was seen in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan too.
Zika virus can also be spread through sex (ZIKV) The WHO states that the Zika virus can also be spread through sex. Due to which there can also be a risk of Zika virus infection reaching pregnant women and fetuses. Therefore, the World Health Organization recommends that condoms should be used during sex in areas affected by the Zika virus. At the same time, if a woman wants to avoid getting pregnant after unprotected sex due to the risk of the Zika virus, she should adopt contraception methods as soon as possible.
Congenital disorders can be caused by Zika virus According to the WHO, the Zika virus can reach the fetus from a pregnant woman. Due to which the baby's head can be small at birth (microcephaly) and other congenital disorders, which are called Congenital Zika Syndrome. Due to these congenital disorders, the baby may have to face problems like problems in the structure of the joints, problems in the eyes, and problems in hearing.